December 30, 1780

Benedict Arnold Lands in Virginia

British Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, who defected from the Americans in October, arrives in Virginia with a major force. Largely unopposed, he moves up the James River, destroying and capturing property and supplies, and takes Richmond on January 5, 1781, burning its buildings, state records, and a foundry. Arnold then establishes a base at Portsmouth. More British troops arrive in March, when Arnold is superseded by Major General William Phillips.

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