July 2, 1776

Congress Chooses Independence

With the support of 12 colonies (New York abstains), the Continental Congress declares "all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved." On the same day, British Commander-in-Chief William Howe lands on Staten Island, New York, with 9, 300 men and 130 ships. His brother, Admiral Lord Richard Howe, joins him on July 12 with 150 more ships and reinforcements.

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